The elephant is the planet’s largest land animal. It stands up to 3 meters tall and weighs up to 6,000 kilos.
Elephants have complex brains and are very clever and sensitive. They care for their families and remember faraway places and old pals. In fact, when elephants spot friends, they often show affection by wrapping their trunks together or resting them on each other’s foreheads.
Unfortunately, the desire for tusk ivory puts elephants’ lives at risk. It is the reason so many elephants are killed. In 1979, there were an estimated 1.3 million elephants in Africa. By 2007 that number had dropped to between 472,000 and 690,000.
Today, in many parts of the world, ivory or “white gold” remains a symbol of wealth and status, especially in Asia.