Comparative & Superlative Adjectives

Comparative Adjectives

one syllable adjectives תואר עם הברה אחת er …than
some adj with 2 syllables

that end with –y (heavier) תואר עם שתי הברות שמסתיים עם תנועה לא מוטעמת 

or with a vowel sound that is not stressed 

narrower, cleverer, gentler / more narrow than…

er …than…

or:

more/ less + adj+ than

a long adj (of 2 syllables or more)  תואר עם שתי הברות

more efficient than

more/ less + adj+ than

Equality/ Inequality

as/ so + adj + as… 

This wall will be as long as the Berlin Wall.  

She is just as strong as any boy I know. 

not as/so…+ adj+ as… (not quite as…as)

He is not as bright as she is. (less than)

Superlatives 

The Superlative compares one to the rest in a group

one syllable >the+ adj+ est  (in/ of….) (or with the Present Perfect)

the smallest town in this region.

the nicest hotel (that) I have ever stayed in.

two syllables and more > the+ most/ least+ adj+ in/of…

but in cases as mentioned above for the comparative (adj of two syllables ending with –y or with an unstressed vowel sound)> the suffix  -est  can also be used. 

the gentlest/ the most gentle doctor I know

the most expensive hotel in town

EXCEPTIONS חריגים:

adjective comparative superlative
good

bad

far

many / much

little (quantity)

old (people and things)

old (people only, seniority)

better

worse

farther/ further

more

less

older

elder

best

worst

farther/ further

most

least

oldest

eldest

Spelling Rules

regular er/ est soft> softer> softest
ends with e     r/ st large> larger> largest
ends with y drop the y and add ier heavy> heavier> heaviest
ends with CVC double the last letter big> bigger> biggest

Other uses of comparatives:

the+ comparative… the + comparative

to show processes or changes that happen simultaneously. 

The older I get, the more empathic I become. 

to show processes of continuous change. There’s a repetition for effect.

She’s getting wiser and wiser.