I, II, and III Conditional Sentences – 2

Make the first, second or third conditional. 

  1. He ___________ (not, forgive) you unless you ___________(tell) him the truth. 
  2. I ___________ (buy) the new playstation VR headset if it ___________ (cost) less. I would use it at the party next week. 
  3. I ___________(not pass) the driving test unless I ___________ (take) a few more driving lessons. I still need to practice and feel more confident on the road. 
  4. If she ___________ (have) enough support from management , she ___________ (go ahead) with her plans. Unfortunately, they didn’t support her so the company eventually lost a lot of money. 
  5. I ___________ (call) you if I ___________ (not/forget) my phone. 
  6. If SpaceIL ____________ (land) a spacecraft on the moon that can travel 500 m and send back pictures, they ___________ (win) the contest. 
  7. If he ___________ (be) younger, he ___________ (travel) more. 
  8. If she ___________ (call) me, ___________ (take) a message. 
  9. If we ___________ (arrive) earlier, we ___________ (see) the Lunar eclipse. 
  10. It I ___________ (be) you, I ___________ (ask) for a promotion. 

ANSWERS ottawa fnt

I, II, and III Conditional Sentences – 1

Make the first, second or third conditional. 

  1. If I ______________ (go) to Leipzig, I’ll visit the zoo.
  2. If it ______________ (not, rain) , we’d be in the garden.
  3. If you ______________ (wear) a lighter jacket, the car driver would have seen you earlier.
  4. We ______________ (watch)  TV last night if Peter hadn’t bought the theatre tickets.
  5. I ______________ (buy) a new computer if I ______________(afford) it. But I can’t afford it. 
  6. She wouldn’t have had two laptops if she ______________(not signed) the contract.
  7. If I was/were a millionaire, I ______________ (live)  in Beverly Hills.
  8. If all nations ______________  (unit) in their efforts to reduce hunger, there’s be less of it in the world. 
  9. You would save energy if you ______________(switch off) the lights more often.
  10. Did you enjoy the film last night? If we had read the book, we ______________ (understand) the film.
  11. I ______________ (fix) my own car if I ______________(know) how to do it. But I don’t know anything about car mechanics. 
  12. They ______________ (arrive) at the show on time if they hadn’t missed the train.
  13. My sister could score better on these tests if the teacher ______________ (explain) the grammar more often.
  14. If Tina ______________(have) a new hair-style, I think she ______________ (look) much nicer. 
  15. If I tell you this secret, ______________ (tell) no one else. 
  16. If we go to the desert, we ______________ (plan) the route carefully, because you can easily get lost there. 
  17. What will Tina do if Adam ______________ (ask) her to marry him?

ANSWERS ottawa fnt

Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences (if, whether)

If A, then B=

B if A (no comma)

Zero Conditional

A structure used for talking about the real world, and often refers to general truths – things which always happen under certain conditions. The present tense is used in A and B sections:

like to walk if the weather is warm.    

It is commonly used to state scientific facts:

Your immune system responds if bacteria enter your body.  

We often use the zero conditional to give instructions; B: imperative form:

Press the button if you want a receipt. 

If he callstell me.

First Conditional

Often refers to the future (of the present), realizable.A: present (also but rarely- Present Perfect) after the if

B: Future Simple will/ can/ may/ might (or other modals)

If you learn, you will succeed.

If you have finished your dinner, I will wash the dishes.

Second Conditional

Often refers to the present (either at the moment, or generally), unreal, less likely to happen- realizable at least in the future or in principle; to talk about hypothetical or imaginary cases.A: Past Simple (V2)

B: future past using the modals- would/ could/ might + V1

I have no idea were he’s living now. I’d call him if I had his phone number. (hypothetical)

If I were you (if I were in your place), I’d see a doctor. (advice)

If I won a lottery, I would buy a yacht. (hopes and ambitions)

Were is used as the form of the verb be for all persons. (However, in everyday conversation, “was” is often used except in the phrase If I were you,…)

If I were married, I’d move to a bigger house.

The modal could is used in the if clause as the past form of can.

If she could run five more kilometers, she would brake all records.

Third Conditional

Refers to the past, unrealizableA: Past Perfect (had+ V3)

B: Future Past Perfect (would/ should/ could/ might+ have+ V3)

If you had come yesterday, you would have met her.

Both would and had can be shortened to ‘d:

If he’d been at the demonstration last week, I’d have seen him.

 

Conditionals Exercises