Should the Voting Age be Lowered to 16?


Practice the Words

Lowering the Voting Age to 16: Views for and Against

In many areas of the world, once you turn 16-years-old you’re eligible for a special right, a right that allows you to take part in shaping your community and your nation. Countries such as Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Cuba, Ecuador, and Nicaragua have already lowered the voting age to 16. In 1971, the United States lowered the voting age from 21 to 18, after millions of Americans protested against the Vietnam war and declared that if 18-year-olds were old enough to fight and die for their country, they should be able to vote in federal elections as well. Now there’s a push to make the voting age 16. Is lowering the age beneficial or problematic? Continue reading

Speaking – Useful Phrases

Speaking- useful phrases

Comparing and Contrasting
Comparing: Contrasting:
In the same way


Be similar to

Not only… but also




More/less than

Both/ as well/ also/ too

On the one/ other hand

Instead of

Rather than


In contrast to

As opposed to

But/ however

While/ whereas

Although/ though/ even though

Continue reading

Present Progressive – Lemon Tree

Used to speak about something that is happening:

(right) now / at the moment


in the near future (someone is planning something)

Lemon Tree Song

“Lemon Tree”

I’m sitting here in the boring room 
It’s just another rainy Sunday afternoon 
I’m wasting my time 
I got nothing to do 
I’m hanging around 
I’m waiting for you 
But nothing ever happens and I wonder 

I’m driving around in my car 
I’m driving too fast 
I’m driving too far 
I’d like to change my point of view 
I feel so lonely 
I’m waiting for you 
But nothing ever happens and I wonder  Continue reading

Movie Reviews



The movie “Skyfall”, that came out in 2012 was directed by Sam Mendes, starring Daniel Craig as the one and only – James Bond, also known as agent 007. Skyfall is the 23rd James Bond film. For a film that is 143-minute long (the second longest Bond film), Skyfall doesn’t feel like it drags and it is an exciting, entertaining film. I think it’s one of the best Bonds ever.

When James Bond’s latest assignment goes terribly wrong, it leads to a turn of events. Undercover agents around the world are exposed, and MI6 is attacked, forcing them to relocate the agency. The head of M16 turns to the one man she can trust: James Bond. Although he fails the physical and psychological examinations, the head of M16 allows him to return to the field. Bond takes on the challenge and heads off on his mission. From the opening in Istanbul to the final shootout in Scotland, this film is as action filled as it can get. Daniel Craig looks older and more mature. This is a Bond who has something to prove, physically and even mentally.  Continue reading



  • Some connectors are followed by a NOUN PHRASE 
  • Some connectors are followed by a SENTENCE

When the connector ends with a preposition, like of/ to/ as/ from/ for, it is followed by a NOUN PHRASE. The connectors despite and besides are also followed by a NOUN PHRASE. 

When the connector ends with that or has no preposition, it is followed by a SENTENCE. In some of these a comma is used after the preposition. 

In order to is followed by V1.

Practice the connectors on Quizlet

Look at the following CONNECTORS

Connectors which begin a sentence are marked with a capital letter.


*Use a comma after:

Moreover; Furthermore; In addition ;Besides; above all; again; also;

In addition to/ Besides/ as well as+ a noun phrase

* Use at the end of the sentence:

too, as well

* both…and; not only…but (also)  Continue reading

Past Progressive & Past Simple

Write the verb in Past Progressive or Past Simple.

1) What __________  (you/do) when I __________ (call) you last night?

2) I __________ (swim) in the pool when you __________ (call).

3) When you  __________ (enter) the house, what __________  (the burglar, do)?

4) He __________ (open) all the drawers in the bedroom closet.

5) What __________  (he, do) when he __________  (see) you?

6) He __________ (jump out) the window and __________  (run away).

7) We __________  (hike) in the mountains when John  __________ (hurt) his ankle. 

8) Jane __________ (watch) a film when she __________ (hear) the noise.

9) Yesterday I __________ (meet) Julie for coffee, next I __________ (have) dinner with Alex, later I __________  (go) to the cinema.

8) What __________ (the neighbors/do) at 5pm yesterday? – it was really noisy.

9) She __________ (take) a shower when someone __________ (knock) on the door.

10) She __________ (be) in the shower when someone __________ (knock) on the door.

11) When we __________  (arrive) at the party, all my friends __________  (dance).

12) We __________ (see) 2 movies while while we __________ (fly) to New York.

13) It __________  (be) a beautiful day on the beach. The sun was __________  (shine) and the birds __________ (sing).  Ben __________ (surf) and I __________ (walk) barefoot on the sand when I  __________ (meet) an old friend.

14) Jack and Annie  __________ (live) in Boston when their third child was born.

15) When the passengers __________  (get out) of the plane, the captain and flight attendants  __________ (wait) at the aircraft’s entry door.

16) On holiday we __________ (visit) Paris, __________ (see) the Eiffel Tower, and __________ (spend) a whole days at the museum.

17) I took an umbrella because when I __________ (leave) the house it __________  (rain).

18) The baby __________  (cry) when we __________ (get back). The babysitter __________ (d0) her best to stop her from crying but she was hungry. We asked the babysitter what happened because when we __________ (leave) the house the baby __________  (sleep).

19) The two sisters __________ (live) in Singapore when they __________ (be) young.

20) She __________  (work) in a high-tech company when she __________ (meet) Matthew. Six months after that, they __________ (get married).

ANSWERS ottawa fnt

HOTS: Higher Order Thinking Skills – Understanding Literature


1.   Comparing and contrasting

2.   Distinguishing different perspectives

3.   Explaining cause and effect

4.   Explaining patterns

5.   Inferring

6.   Uncovering motives  Continue reading