Prefixes and Sufixes


Negative prefixes

Prefix Added to Example
un  adjectivesadverbs




dis  verbsnouns disagreedisagreement
mis  adjectivesverbs




in – im -(+b,p,m)il -(+l)ir -(+r) adjectivesnouns






de  devalue
ab  abnormal -amoral
non  nonviolent
anti  antisocial
mal  maladjusted

Other prefixes

prefix  meaning example
Pre  before Premature  preheat
Co  con  col  com  cor  together Corresponding  collective  cooperative
In   im  up Increase
In   im  inside Internal   import
Ex  outside Export
Ex  former Ex-husband
Inter  between International
Re  again Rewrite
Pro  in favor of something Pro-independence
Pro  a forward direction Progress
Retro –  Re  a backward direction Regress  retroactive
Sub  under Subtitle
Counter –  Contra  against Counterproductive    contradict
Post  after Postnatal
En  To give, cause, make Enlarge   encourage
Hyper  to a large degree hypersensitive
Auto  to oneself, independent automatic
Ultra  very extreme ultra-modern
Uni  one united
Bi  two biannual
Neo  in a new or recent way neoclassic

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The Seven Principles for Learning Foreign Languages the Fast and Fun Way

If you want to learn a foreign language as quickly and efficiently as possible and never forget it, there are some principles for good practice in language learning you should know about. You will find yourself speaking, listening, reading and writing the new language in no time.
1. Integrated Learning 

Read, listen, speak and write about the same topic you’re learning. When you develop each one of these skills it supports the other skills. Employing the language you’re learning through a varied skill set enables you to adapt to it faster and enjoy your learning more. Since English is not written phonetically and English spelling is so random, it’s particularly important to listen to the text you’re reading and recognize the words with their unique spelling. Using new words in conversation helps you get used to their right pronunciation.

2. Extract New Key Words 

Learn the main words important for understanding the subject you’re learning. Learn them before, during and after your learning session. Organize them in chunks by some method of organization.

3. Learn by Spaced Repetition

Try_Practice_Demonstrate_Spaced_Repetition Memorize new words and rules in increasing intervals of time between subsequent review of previously learned material.

4. Use all Senses

Most of us are visual learners, so use visuals as often as possible to learn new words or grammar rules. Using audio or conversation to listen to a new language is also very helpful in improving your learning effectiveness.

5. Get Exposure 

Get extensive exposure to the language you’re learning, even at a very early stage of your learning. Rather than memorizing grammar rules or words without context, get exposed to speech and text you can immediately use.

6. Experience and Experiment like Children Do

Use the language for actual communication just like children acquire language by experiencing the world around them. When you don’t have the chance to use the foreign language for communication, imagine yourself using a new word in speech in a relevant context, while imagining the actual experience with your emotional and cognitive response attached to it.

7. Use Mnemonics

Use mnemonic tools and techniques to improve your learning pace and your retention, retrieval and reconstruction of learned words and grammatical structures.