The elephant ______ (be) the planet’s largest land animal. It ______ (stand) up to 3 meters tall and __________ (weigh) up to 6,000 kilos.
Elephants _________ (have) complex brains and _________ (be) very clever and sensitive. They ________ (care) for their families and ________ (remember) faraway places and old pals. In fact, when elephants _________ (spot) friends, they often _________ (show) affection by wrapping their trunks together or resting them on each other’s foreheads.
Unfortunately, the desire for tusk ivory ______ (put) elephants’ lives at risk. It ______ (be) the reason so many elephants are killed. In 1979, there were an estimated 1.3 million elephants in Africa. By 2007 that number had dropped to between 472,000 and 690,000.
Today, in many parts of the world, ivory or “white gold” ______ (remain) a symbol of wealth and status, especially in Asia.