Prefixes and Sufixes

60120A-web_398

Negative prefixes

Prefix Added to Example
un  adjectivesadverbs

verbs

unknownunconsciously

unpack

dis  verbsnouns disagreedisagreement
mis  adjectivesverbs

nouns

misleadingmisunderstand

misbehavior

in – im -(+b,p,m)il -(+l)ir -(+r) adjectivesnouns

adjectives

adjectives

invisibleimpossibility

ilegal

irregular

de  devalue
ab  abnormal -amoral
non  nonviolent
anti  antisocial
mal  maladjusted

Other prefixes

prefix  meaning example
Pre  before Premature  preheat
Co  con  col  com  cor  together Corresponding  collective  cooperative
In   im  up Increase
In   im  inside Internal   import
Ex  outside Export
Ex  former Ex-husband
Inter  between International
Re  again Rewrite
Pro  in favor of something Pro-independence
Pro  a forward direction Progress
Retro –  Re  a backward direction Regress  retroactive
Sub  under Subtitle
Counter –  Contra  against Counterproductive    contradict
Post  after Postnatal
En  To give, cause, make Enlarge   encourage
Hyper  to a large degree hypersensitive
Auto  to oneself, independent automatic
Ultra  very extreme ultra-modern
Uni  one united
Bi  two biannual
Neo  in a new or recent way neoclassic

Some Suffixes that give a clue about the meaning

understandable/ responsible (can, able)
mysterious,  careful (having quality of, full of)
careless (without)
childish (in the manner of)
childlike (similar to in manner or appearance)
trustworthy (deserving of)

 

Common Adjective Suffixes I (Noun → Adjective)

SUFFIX NOUN – ADJECTIVE NOUN – ADJECTIVE NOUN – ADJECTIVE
AL     relating to accident – accidentalregion – regional brute – brutalperson – personal region – regionaluniverse –universal
ARY  relating to quality or place custom – customarycompliment – complimentary moment – momentaryhonor – honorary caution – cautionarydiet – dietary
FUL  full of beauty – beautifulskill – skillful wonder – wonderfulsuccess – successful awe – awfuldelight – delightful
IC  having the nature of; caused by athlete – athleticphotograph – photographic base – basicscience – scientific history – historicrhythm– rhythmic
ICAL  having the nature of magic – magicalpractice – practical logic – logicalstatistic – statistical history – historicalalphabet – alphabetical
ISH  origin, nature fool – foolishsheep – sheepish child – childishpink – pinkish self – selfishgirl – girlish
LESS  without power – powerlessuse – useless friend – friendlesshome – homeless worth – worthlesspenny – penniless
LIKE  like like – lifelikechild – childlike lady – ladylikebird – birdlike war – warlikespring – springlike
LY  like friend – friendlyday – daily cost – costlyorder – orderly month – monthlycoward – cowardly
OUS  quality, nature poison – poisonouscourtesy – courteous danger – dangerousmystery – mysterious nerve – nervousvictory – victorious
Y  like rain – rainymess – messy fun – funnydirt – dirty dirt – dirtyspot – spotty

 

Noun Suffixes

ion   decision

ment achievement

ness awareness; loneliness

ity charity; responsibility

ance/ –ence ignorance, innocence

ist/ –ism

 

Word Families

The suffixesion and –ation are added to certain verbs to form abstract nouns.

Protect > protection

Relax > relaxation

Communicate > communication

Consult > consultation

Create > creation

Expect > expectation

Express > expression

Form > formation

Impress > impression

Inform > information

Intend > intention

Relate > relation

 

The suffixes “-ist” and “-ism”

Are often used for political belief or for artistic genres. “-ist” signals a person who follows this belief or genre, and “-ism” is the belief or genre itself.

Feminism

Expressionism

Socialism

Impressionism

Capitalism

Dadaism

Cubism

Communism

Surrealism

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s