Past Simple – Questions about the Subject

Write the questions for the following answers. 

1. Q:

A: Shira was here last night

2. Q: 

A: Mr. Bond lived in that house.

3. Q:

A: Peter took the children to the park.

4. Q:

A: The wolf made that sound.

5. Q:

A: David solved the problem. 

6. Q:

A: My neighbors made a lot of noise. 

7. Q:

A: Amanda called you. 

8. Q:

A: The car hit a tree. 

9. Q:

A: Sophia and I met yesterday.

Should wild animals perform in circus shows?


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In 2010, Dawn Brancheau, a Seaworld trainer, died after an attack from Tilikum, an orca whale at Seaworld and one of the San Diego park’s main attractions. The documentary Blackfish tells the story of Tilikum and his long-term trainer Brancheau, and the psychological trauma and stress the whales in the water park endure while in captivity. Blackfish also describes Tilikum’s journey to Seaworld, and how the multi-billion dollar animal park industry runs despite pressure from animal rights groups to shut down. Brancheau, who had 17 years of experience, was feeding Tilikum and having bonding time with him when Tilikum suddenly dragged her into the water and violently tossed her around. Brancheau ultimately drowned and died from horrible injuries.

Death at Seaworld author David Kirby told CNN that Seaworld blamed the trainer for her death. Following her death, the amusement park company insisted that Brancheau shouldn’t have put herself in such a dangerous position and allowed her ponytail to come close to Tilikum’s mouth, which prompted him to drag her into the water. 

After four Seaworld employees said that the trainer completely followed protocol, Kirby concluded that the trainer’s death was not her fault. The reason for the attack was due to the whale’s stress from being held in captivity.

“I’ve spoken to scientists who tell me that they believe there are signs these animals are stressed out…in the wild we don’t get up close with killer whales, it only happens at Seaworld,” he said. Normally, killer whales in the wild do not attack humans, only when they’re away from their homes, families, and friends, have there been incidents. 


While Kirby and the consulted scientists believe animals should not perform in animal entertainment  shows, English circus trainer, Thomas Chipperfield, believes otherwise. Chopperfield runs a show called “”An Evening with Lions and Tigers,” where he trains animals to perform tricks in front of a live audience. The professional believes that because the animals have regular health checks and are properly trained, there is no issue with them performing in circus shows.  

“I’ve never been worried working with my animals, I’ve always respected what they are and remembered what they are when working with them, and I don’t force them into performing actions they’re not comfortable doing, that’s not the way I work with my animals. The way I introduce them to new actions is on a gradual basis,” Chipperfield said.

He also claims that the general public approves of the entertainment form (despite what the polls say), because otherwise, he wouldn’t be able to do what he does. As long as the animals are well cared for, there is no issue with using animals as entertainment value, he said. 

Below are a few pros and cons of having animals perform in circus shows:


  • Animals provide entertainment/amusement
  • They can be used as animal education
  • Animals are kept safe/ healthy with regimented food and medication that they

wouldn’t get in the wild. 

  • Anyone could have access to an exhibit, which could connect people to animals, and serve as educational lessons about animals


  • Animals are forced to do the tricks that do not come naturally and are the result of endless hours of training and sometimes abuse
  • They’re kept in cages, or (shallow tanks) while circuses travel
  • Animals are taken away from their families and become lonely and sad
  • Animals sometimes suffer from abuse (some trainers whip and beat animals)
  • Not much is learned by watching animals perform tricks that they’ve been taught by trainers, the best way to learn about animals is to see them in their natural habitat
  • The acts could be a public safety hazard because the animals are unpredictable and often become violent or aggressive towards people as they experience such harsh conditions. People could get hurt
  • They live in close confinement and have restricted movement, which restricts

natural behaviors and leads to animals living with other creatures they shouldn’t be exposed to. This could be dangerous for the animals who aren’t used to certain predators. 

Animal entertainment shows have long been part of our entertainment. It’s not only the spectators who benefit from these shows. The ticket profits can also help the economy as sales bring visitors to a city. Park owners also benefit by making more than enough to support themselves and their business. Now, there aren’t as many animal circus acts in the world, because animal rights protestors and groups have worked hard to protect the animals from being abused. Peta is the largest animal rights group in the world and they urge everyone not to purchase Seaworld tickets, visit the parks, or support it in any way. Peta protesters claim that captivity (whether at Seaworld or in a circus act) “kills these animals, and they deserve to be safely returned to their home while still benefiting from humans’ care for as long as they might need to.” 

Bethany Hamilton – Soul Surfer 


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Bethany Hamilton – Soul Surfer 

What happens if you’re an athlete and an accident takes away one of the most helpful tools you have to succeed? Bethany Hamilton grew up on the North Shore of Kauai. She was born into the surfer lifestyle. Many people in her community surfed and her parents also loved the sport. Her father was a waiter and her mother cleaned rental condos, earning just enough for them to cover the bills and be able to surf in their free time. For the people in Bethany’s community, surfing was a way of life. 

Bethany had been surfing her entire life. By the time she was eight-years-old, she competed in her first competition. When she was nine, she earned her first big sponsor, Rip Curl. Four years later, Bethany placed second place in the NSSA National Championships. She’s now 27, and one of the most well known surfers in the world, partially for her talent, but also for a terrifying accident she survived at just 13. 

On Oct. 31, when the water was glassy and calm, Bethany’s life was changed forever. She was surfing with a family friend, Holt Blanchard, his daughter Alana (Hamilton’s best friend), and his son, Byron at her favorite surfing site, The Tunnels. Bethany was laying on her surfboard a bit further out than the others when suddenly, a 4.2 meter tiger shark swam up beside her and grabbed on to her left arm. “I was laying on my board sideways… and the shark came up and grabbed a hold of my arm,” she told ABC NEWS’ reporter Chris Cuomo. “And then, I was holding onto my board, with my thumb, because I probably didn’t want to get pulled under. It was like pulling me back and forth, not like pulling me underwater… And then it let go. And then went under. Then I looked down at the water, and it was like really red, from all the blood in the water,” she added. 

The shark bit off her entire left arm, just below the shoulder. The attack happened so quickly that no one around her saw the shark or her struggle with it. Eventually, Blanchard saw blood in the water and knew she was attacked. He paddled up to her and saw that her arm was gone. Blanchard knew he needed to act quickly or she would die from loss of blood. He thought to himself, “how am I going to get her [to shore] before she bleeds to death?” They were 200 miles from shore. He used his surfboard leash as a tourniquet and led her to the beach. 

While Bethany ended up losing her entire left arm, she didn’t stay out of the water for long. One month after the attack, she was back out catching waves. When Bethany was in the hospital recovering from her injuries, she realized she didn’t need to give up on her dreams. “I remember lying in the hospital room and was visited by someone who had lost his leg to a shark attack, and he actually had learned how to surf again after losing his leg, so I thought if he can do it with one leg, I can do it with one arm.” 

Within two years of returning to surfing, she won a title. Bethany said she really set her mind on getting back out in the water, which helped her get through the most frustrating parts of her recovery. Luckily, her parents were extremely supportive of her. Her father kept encouraging her and even built her a handle on her surfboard so she could duck dive and push herself under the waves. 

Now, her surfing technique is different than before the attack. Bethany has to paddle twice as hard and kick with her feet because she can’t use her other arm to help balance. She drops (gets up and in) waves later than most surfers because it’s harder for her to create enough power to drip into waves at the same point as her fellow surfers. Bethany’s perseverance and story inspired the film “Soul Surfer.”

Today, Bethany’s life is different than what she imagined as a teenager. She founded the charity Friends of Bethany, which reaches out to amputees and youth and promotes healthy living lifestyle, wrote a book that empowers girls, and travels around the United States as a motivational speaker. When asked about her arm and whether she misses doing anything she now might have trouble doing, she said she’s busier than ever. “I don’t really miss anything. I’ve never had more to do. I’m traveling and meeting influential and impactful people from around the world. The only thing I miss a little is playing the ukulele.”

Bethany Hamilton made the semifinals at a World Surf League event in Fiji, her best result since losing her left arm to a shark attack in 2003.

Fair Play- GRADE 4


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Fair Play

We are in the Rio Olympic Games. We’re in the 5,000 meter race. Nikki Hamblin is a runner from New Zealand. She falls hard and hits her shoulder. Abbey D’Agostino is the American runner. She is right behind Nikki. Because Nikki is down on the ground, Abbey falls down too. Abbey gets up, and helps Nikki get up too. She wants to help her. She wants her to finish the race.

But Abbey is hurt badly from the fall. Her leg hurts so much that she falls down again. Now Nikki helps her get up. Together, they finish the race after all the other runners. They hug and cry at the finish line. 
Continue reading



Use the correct relative pronoun:  where / when/ which / whose / who

  1. This is the neighborhood ______________ I live.
  2. The girl ______________ is standing near the door is Sarah. 
  3. The dog ______________ is barking belongs to Mike.
  4. We are visiting Australia ______________ my brother lives. 
  5. The man ______________ is sitting on the couch is very rich. 
  6. I like the painting ______________ is on the wall. 
  7. I didn’t know the child ______________ brought the book. 
  8. They called the lawyer ______________ office they visited last week. 
  9. He’ll show you something ______________ will surprise you. 
  10. This is the school ______________ I learned when I was young. 
  11. The key ______________ is on the table is not mine. 
  12. Let’s go to a restaurant ______________ we can eat some good meat. 
  13. She worked for a man ______________ used to be an athlete.
  14. We broke the computer ______________ belonged to my father. 
  15. This is the man ______________ money I borrowed last month. 
  16. There isn’t a day ______________ I don’t feel rushed off my feet.
  17. She’s the only person ______________ really understands me.
  18. This is the place ______________ we met.
  19. I remember the day ______________ you joined the army. 
  20. I met a Japanese tourist ______________ lives north of Tokyo. 
  21. I met a friend last week ______________ husband is the CEO of a big company. 
  22. David bought a new camera ______________ was made in Japan
  23. The film is about a man ______________ daughter was lost. 
  24. Here is the new cellphone ______________ I got for my birthday.
  25. This is the man ______________ married my sister.
  26. This is the old lady ______________ house is next to ours.
  27. I think that 2003 was the year ______________ my parents met.ANSWERS ottawa fnt

Mind Matters – Unit 2

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forces of nature, discourage, infection, glamorous, highly recommend, inspired, to be decorated, be equipped withefforts, to be dependent on, descends, exceptional, haunted, lead a quiet life, life-threatening

  1. I want my bedroom _____________ with many paintings. 
  2. I like working on my own because I don’t want _____________ someone else.
  3. In the winter the temperature _____________ from 30˚c to 10˚c.
  4. My swimming coach doesn’t _____________ me, because he wants me to succeed.
  5. I put all of my _____________ into making this the best party ever.
  6. If you want to go on a hike, you must _____________ a lot of water and comfortable shoes.
  7. The runner ran as fast as he could, and got an _____________ score.
  8. I think that volcanoes and tornadoes are the greatest _____________.
  9. Celebrities don’t have such a _____________ life.
  10. I feel scared and _____________ a lot, because I believe in ghosts.
  11. Yesterday I saw an amazing movie that I _____________ you to watch.
  12. Unfortunately, after I swim I always get an ear _____________.
  13. I am _____________ by major inventors such as Steve Jobs and Mark Zukerberg.
  14. Some celebrities just want to quit and _____________.
  15. Last summer I had a _____________ experience when a shark almost attacked me! 


muscles, lower, to abandon, boxer, part, trailer, aching, back-up, navigation system, achievements, overcome, supporttraditional, modest, the will, professional

  1. Can you please _____________ the volume? It’s way too loud in here.
  2. The man that won the lottery was so _____________ that he gave all of the money to charity.
  3. My _____________ always hurt after I run.
  4. In order to drive to Eilat, we use a _____________ so that we don’t get lost.
  5. She needs to _____________ her fear of heights if she wants to fly overseas.
  6. I have to pass the audition in order to get the _____________ of Snow White.
  7. In Pesach we eat a_____________ bread called “Matza”.
  8. Before I go see a movie, I watch the _____________ to see if I like it.
  9. If you have _____________ to succeed, you shall be able to accomplish whatever you set your mind on.
  10. In the movie, the mother wanted _____________ her baby, but in the end she kept him.
  11. Running a marathon was one of my greatest _____________.
  12. My back is _____________ because yesterday I fell.
  13. I bought a _____________ DVD, in case we don’t like this movie. 
  14. Although it isn’t a safe sport, being a _____________ is my dream.
  15. I always _____________ my friends and tell them that they can do anything they set their mind to!
  16. I need to become a _____________ dancer if I want to perform on Broadway.

slip, realistic, scale, to gain, row, gym, role, competitive, cliff, to be affected, to hold the record, down to earth, to be challenged, to congratulate, rescued, qualities, determination, ceremony

  1. I don’t want _____________ by these terrible diseases.
  2. The wedding _____________ was on the beach.
  3. The boy that fell of the _____________ is feeling much better.
  4. I always want _____________, so every year I try a new sport.
  5. If I practice hard enough, I will become a _____________ swimmer.
  6. I would like _____________ you for your new baby girl !
  7. After I met my favorite celebrity, I couldn’t believe how _____________ she was.
  8. I go to the _____________ to stay fit and healthy.
  9. Thanks to my _____________ I kept running, didn’t give up and finished the race.
  10. Body builders need _____________ muscle in order to improve.
  11. When I grow up, I want _____________ for the fastest swimmer in the world.
  12. The most important _____________ that I look for in a friend are loyalty and honesty.
  13. Wow! This doll looks so _____________, I almost thought that it was a person.
  14. The fireman _____________ the cat from the fire and save his life.
  15. Sarah is going to play the _____________ of the nurse in “Romeo and Juliet”.
  16. It’s hard for me to _____________ the boat because my arms are too weak.
  17. When she stepped on the _____________, she found out that she lost 5 kilos!
  18. You shouldn’t run on the wet floors, you might _____________ and hurt yourself.

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Keep Thinking – Unit 2

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discover, common, formula, fell in love with, appearance, audience, comment, expect, convincing, accidentally, awful, actually, company, fault, comedian

  1. Oops, I _____________ dropped my phone on the floor!
  2. We look like sisters but _____________ we are just friends.
  3. Never judge a person by their _____________.
  4. The _____________ loved the show so much, they wouldn’t stop clapping !
  5. I don’t think I’ll come to school today, I feel _____________.
  6. Everyone tells me that I’m funny and that I should be a _____________.
  7. I agree with your _____________ on the subject.
  8. Having blue eyes is very _____________ in Russia.
  9. I work at my dad’s _____________ on Sundays.
  10. The end of the movie wasn’t very _____________.
  11. Everyday kids _____________ something new. 
  12. I’m so nervous for my first day at work, I don’t know what to _____________.
  13. I promise I didn’t do it, it’s not my _____________!
  14. They invented a special _____________ that can solve any math problem.
  15. This Summer I really _____________ Sarah, the girl from my neighborhood.


react, inherit, plot, performer, prediction, inspire, realize, pressure, claim, pretend, negative, however, pause, kind-hearted, reaction, hilarious, polite, predictable

  1. I just heard the most _____________ joke ever, I can’t stop laughing.
  2. The doctor said I was fine, _____________ I still feel very sick.
  3. I hope my children will _____________ my blue eyes.
  4. One day I hope to _____________ people all over the world, and make them feel like they can do anything!
  5. He is such a _____________ person, he is always nice to everyone no matter what.
  6. If you are a _____________ person, try think about all of the little things that you are grateful for.
  7. Can you please _____________ the video, I need to answer the phone.
  8. I want to be a _____________ on Broadway some day.
  9. The _____________ of the movie was a bit different from the book.
  10. People from England are very _____________.
  11. The end of the movie was so _____________, I just knew it!
  12. Sarah’s _____________ came true, there really was a storm in the middle of July! 
  13. I feel under _____________ when I need to make a speech in front of an audience.
    I never _____________ to be someone’s friend because it’s like lying to them. 
  14. I don’t know how I would _____________ if I saw a lion outside it’s cage. 
  15. When he found out his wife was pregnant, his _____________ was hilarious. 
  16. It took me an hour to _____________ that I left the house wearing slipper. 


sarcastic, according to, teamwork, stranger, setup, rude, response, wonder, ridiculous, respond, study, researcher, subject, be supposed to, self-confidence, situation

  1. I want to be a _____________ and find a cure for cancer.
  2. I’m sorry it took me a while to _____________. I couldn’t find my phone.
  3. I haven’t received a _____________ from her, I wonder why she isn’t answering.
  4. He told the teacher a _____________ excuse, I don’t understand how she believed him!
  5. Tom apologized for being so _____________ to Mary.
  6. Sometimes I am _____________ but people think I am trying to be rude. 
  7. Usually your _____________ improves at age 17, and you feel better about yourself.
  8. It took me a while to learn the _____________ of the office’s filing system.

  9. In a scary _____________ like this, you should call the police.
  10. Never accept candy from a _____________!
  11. I read a _____________ about how sugar affects your health.
  12. My favorite _____________ at school is History.
  13. The soccer team used _____________ to win the game.
  14. I _____________ how many people are sleeping right now.
  15. _____________ researchers at the university, ants can teach us how to control crowds. 
  16. You _____________ be doing your homework! Not playing on your phone. 


on stage, recent, get along, come naturally, kicked out, bring out the best in, rebel against, punch line, walk in someone’s shoes, movie review, cracked up, come true, turns into, in order to, rolling in the aisles

  1. Good friends _____________ you, because they know you well.
  2. Acting didn’t always _____________ to her.
  3. I believe my dream will  _____________!
  4. All the girls _____________ when they heard him . He’s such a funny guy.
  5. Even best friends don’t always _____________.
  6. You need special shoes _____________ go hiking.
  7. The boy was _____________ of class because he was rude to the teacher. 
  8. The _____________ says that the main actor gave an excellent performance. 
  9. Performers say that they feel alive when they are  _____________
  10. I don’t like jokes that have a rude _____________.
  11. The group decided to _____________ the government.
  12. I have the best jokes you’ve ever heard, I’ll have the audience _____________!
  13. My little brother _____________ a young man so quickly!
  14. Don’t judge people before you try to _____________.
  15. I have to tell you all about my _____________ trip to India. 

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